Award in Felling and Processing Trees up to 380mm 20-04

City and Guilds / NPTC Level 2

(Formally CS31)

Felling and Processing Trees upto 380mm 20-40 (formally CS31)

The Award in Felling and Processing Trees up to 380mm 20-04 (CS31)  is the next step in a wide range of chainsaw qualifications.

This course will enable you to:

  • fell trees with the use of wedges and felling bars;
  •  carry out at least three different types of cut;
  •  identify potential hazards and stresses,
  •  select the appropriate techniques to assess and work with timber in compression or tension.

You will also know how to take down hung up trees safely and in line with relevant legislation, however you will also be able to recognise situations where specialist assistance might be required.

The training course has physical demands and requires the carrying and movement of equipment in woodland and forest environments.

Award in Felling and Processing Trees up to 380mm 20-04 City & Guilds NPTC Level 2 (Formally CS31)

Prerequisite is Award in Chainsaw Maintenance and Cross Cutting 20-04 (formally CS30)

Learning Outcomes
By the end of the course you should be able to:
1) Identify the risk assessment and emergency procedures on a work site
2) Select and prepare equipment required for safe and effective felling
3) Fell small tress safely and accurately using an appropriate method
4) Fell leaning trees using a safe technique
5) Remove branches safely in a manner appropriate to the branching habit
6) Cross cut stems accurately and safely to a given length and diameter specification
7) Stack timber using appropriate manual handling techniques
8) Take down small hung up trees safely using appropriate hand tools

17th – 19th December 2019 – spaces

21st – 23rd January 2020 – spaces

18th – 20th February 2020 – spaces

10th  – 12th March 2020 – spaces

31sth March – 2nd  April 2020 – spaces

28th – 30th  April 2020 – spaces

19th – 21st May 2020 – spaces

23rd – 25th June 2020 – spaces

7th – 9th July 2020 – spaces

Please note that the assessments are to be confirmed and you will be emailed with a date once the assessment has been scheduled.

We do try to ensure that the assessment is consecutive but cannot guarantee this.

Training fee £285 +VAT = £342 per person
Assessment plus City and Guilds registration fee £175 per person (no VAT)

Total £517 per person

All fees are payable upon booking.

Three days for the training.

Half a day approximately for the assessment (on a forth day).

Please note that the assessments are To Be Confirmed (TBC) and you will be emailed with dates once the assessor has been scheduled, we do try to ensure that assessments are consecutive but can not guarantee this.

You will require:
1) Chainsaw footwear
2) Chainsaw gloves

All other PPE and equipment can be supplied by Lowe Maintenance at no extra cost, under the proviso that any damages and / or losses are replaced by the candidate.

Please get in touch with us if you wish to use your own equipment and machinery to check its suitability.

Award in Felling and Processing Trees up to 380mm 20-04 City and Guilds / NPTC Level 2.

Do you need a refresher? HSE advises that you complete a refresher every 5 years, although some insurance companies state every 3 years. We can help. We tend to run the courses when we have four people requiring the same units for refreshing, if you get in touch we can add you to the list and let you know when the next refresher date is planned for.

Equally if you have a group of people we can put a date together just for you.

Felling and processing trees upto 380mm 20-04 (formally CS31) – one day refresher £100 +VAT = £120 per person.

8th January 2019

10th January 2019

You will receive a Lowe Maintenance Certificate of Completion.

Don’t need a qualification? Your insurance company are happy for formal training only? Then we can help. We can carry out formal training with no accredited assessment.

Three days, training fee £285 +VAT = £342 per person

You will receive a Lowe Maintenance Certificate of Completion.

Who needs the felling trees up to 380mm (CS31) ticket?

Foresters, arborists, farmers, landscapers, gamekeepers, greenskeepers, smallholders and people with a private woodland etc.  If you are cutting saplings on a regular basis and the size starts to creep up, you will very quickly end up with the size of tree that needs a bit more control and thought to fell it. The course teaches you how to read the tree and work out what you can and can’t do and how to work safely.

What cuts will we be covering?

  • a conventional felling cut
  • a cut for a tree with the weight and lean in the direction of fall
  • a cut for a tree where the weight is slightly opposing the line of fall

What kit do I need?

  • helmet with ear defenders and a visor (in date)
  • chainsaw gloves
  • chainsaw trousers
  • chainsaw boots or wellies
  • personal first aid kit
  • felling bar
  • chainsaw with a bar no larger than 15 inch
  • relevant sharpening kit

However, if you do a course with Lowe Maintenance we can provide a lot of the kit, you just need your own pair of boots and a pair of gloves for hygiene reasons.

Do I have to wear chainsaw gloves?

Yes, when you are a competent operator your insurance may let you modify your dress code in accordance with HSE

Do I have to be strong to fell trees?

No, it’s not a matter of throwing wood about, you use your head and think problems through or seek assistance if required.

Can women fell trees?

Yes, and very well. The chainsaws are now much lighter, the equipment is much more user friendly and most women are tough. They are also very good at thinking a problem through and not just fighting with the tree.

Will chainsaw wellies do?

Yes, wellies are fine they are designed for the job and comply with the industry footwear regulations, they just aren’t very comfortable and tend to be a bit big and bulky.

What if my chainsaw gets stuck?

Whilst on a Lowe Maintenance course you will be shown how to deal with getting your chainsaw unstuck, obviously once you have switched it off!

By the end of the course you’ll know exactly how to deal with the situation as you’ll be reading the tension and compression during cross cutting.

Do I have to do chainsaw maintenance and cross cutting ticket first?

Some people do each unit one at a time, however you can combine the chainsaw maintenance and cross cutting 20-03 with the felling and processing up to 380mm 20-04 and complete both units in the same week.

How do squirrels affect felling of trees?

Some of the sites we use have red squirrels and when it is breeding season we must stay away from that area. It’s not just a matter of felling the trees that don’t have squirrel drays in, it’s the sound and movement that can disturb the whole site.

Is there a difference between soft and hard wood when felling?

Soft wood is mainly pines and hard wood is mainly used to describe a broad leaf tree like beech, oak etc. There are slightly different techniques to processing the timber which you will be made aware of during your training.

How do I deal with the brash?

Tidily, stacked with the butts to one end in case a chipper is going to be used later, the last thing you want to be doing is fighting with the brash pile because it was badly stacked.

What’s tension and compression?

It’s the forces that can build up in a piece of wood, if you take a broom handle and bridge it across two points, then put a bit of weight in the middle you will see the handle bend. The fibres at the bottom of the handle are being stretch or put under tension and the fibres at the top are being compressed. With a tree it’s not quite as easy to read, however, if you get it right you are less likely to get your chainsaw stuck!

Do I need a felling bar?

They are a handy tool to use in the woods, for lifting and rolling wood.

We provide felling bars for the courses, in case you don’t need it after you take the course; it’s a waste to buy one just for a week’s course.

Can I use a cant hook or tongs?

There is a cant hook already fitted to the felling bar and tongs are provided to limit arm strain when moving logs, both are very handy to have in the working environment.

Do I have to stack the timber?

It depends on the size of timber we are cutting, not just diameter but length too. You will be shown safe methods of manual handling on the course; however, you could always ask for assistance too. Leaving a site nicely stacked ready for extraction shows a level of professional attention to detail that may get you more work in the future.

How many trees will I be felling during the course?

There is no limit, each tree you fell will add to your knowledge and ability to fell properly. If you just rush around cutting and not being carefu,l then you won’t learn anything and will tire easily.

What’s a hung-up tree?

If a tree you are felling does not fall to the ground but gets stuck in a neighbouring tree, then it is called a hung up tree.

How do I deal with a hung-up tree?

There are a few methods you will be shown on a course with Lowe Maintenance, how to modify the hinge and either twist out or remove the hinge completely and pole it backwards.

How close to the ground do I have to cut?

If you cut close to the ground, you maximise the amount of wood extracted.

It is also safer to cut close to the floor if anything goes wrong the more of you that is below the hinge then the more gets hurt. Industry standard would also encourage you to cut as close to the ground too, high cuts could result in lost future work.

Can I still fell trees in the nesting season?

If you have surveyed the site and are sure there are no nests, then you are okay to cut. However, you must not hit occupied trees while you cut even if the bird is on the vermin control nest you can not disturb a nest that is in use.

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What’s my next steps?

Felling and Processing Trees over 380mm 21-11 (CS32)
Emergency Treework Operations 21-05 (CS50)
Safe Use of a Manually Fed Woodchipper 20-57
Tree Climbing and Rescue 20-13 (CS38)
Safe Use of a Stump Grinder 20-53
Safe Use of a Leaf Blower 14-24
Safe Use of Brushcutters and Trimmers 14-21
Safe Use ATV Sit In 14-11